Articles and Essays
Campbell Curriculum Vitae
Note: This appears to have been
written by Campbell himself. I found it on the JCF
website long ago, and copied it to my hard drive. It has since
been removed from that site, or I would simply link to it there. I
have requested permission (May 12, 2006) to post it here, and (as of
June 3, 2006) have had no reply. Until an objection is lodged, I
will maintain it on this site.
Born: 1904, New York
- Merchant Father, Charles W. Campbell of Waltham,
Campbell, from County Mayo, Ireland) Mother, Josephine E. Lynch, of
New York (Grandfather Lynch, from Dublin, Ireland: Member of Ancient
Order of Hibernians, rode a horse at the head of New York Saint
Patrick Day parades)
residence in New Rochelle, N.Y.
- Next door to New Rochelle public library: reading in children's
section, became interested in American Indians; admitted to adult
stacks to continue studies.
builds country bungalow on Pike County, Pennsylvania. Close neighbor,
Elmer Gregor, writer of boy's books on American Indians and devoted
Naturalist. He became my mentor for many years, intimate friend and
inspiration. Also nearby, Dan Beard's camp for boys. This period of
my life was completely devoted to Indians, the woods, bird watching,
and voluminous reading.
Canterbury School, New Milford, Conn.
- A superb Headmaster, Dr. Nelson Hume, introduced me to the values of
literature and the art of writing. He became my next great mentor,
and remained my close friend for many years. (His name will appear
again.) My favorite subject, however, was biology. (At this time, my
studies of Indian lore ceased: no academic connections) Wrote for
school literary magazine (The Quill), was editor, 1920-21. Wrote for
school weekly paper (The Tabard), business manager, 1920-21. Played
on football and hockey teams. Graduated 1921, with "Head Boy"
- Our family
house in New Rochelle burned down. A major crisis and disaster. My
wonderful collection of Indian books and relics gone. Beloved
grandmother killed. Family becomes nomadic: two more years in New
Rochelle, and then to New York. - The bungalow in Pennsylvania more
important now than ever.
- Major studies: Biology and mathematics
- Member of Musical clubs
- Member of Freshman football squad.
- Joined Delta Tau Delta Fraternity.
- Complete disorientation. Religious doubts beginning. College courses,
- College life, largely absurd. Thoughts of quitting College
altogether for business.
- Read Merejekowski's "The Romance of Leonardo da Vinci," and became
suddenly certain that I should shift my interest from science to
culture history. Decided to transfer to Columbia and live at home
(family now in New York).
Columbia University: A.B. '25; M.A. '27.
- Studied literature with Raymond Weaver, who became my third great
mentor and inspiration. Other important influences, Irwin Edman, John
Erskine, W.W. Lawrence, Roger S. Loomis.
- Member of Track Team, 1924-26; Captain 1926
- Columbia Half Mile record, 1926
- Two Penn Relay Championships, 1926
- Member New York Athletic Club Track Teams, 1925, 1926, 1927
- Many relay and individual championships
- Chief hobby: playing saxophone in jazz bands for college and fraternity dances -
bank account thereby.
- Travel with family to California, then by ship south to Mexico,
Guatemala, Salvador, Nicaragua, Panama, and to Cuba and home. First
important break from Pennsylvania summer-woods context. Beginning of
extensive travel experiences.
- Travel with family to Europe: England, Scotland, Wales, Holland,
Belgium, France, Switzerland, and Italy. - Mit Jiddu Krishnamurti and
became interested, in a vague way, in Hinduism and Buddhism.
New York Athletic Club Track Team to A.A.U. Championships in San
Francisco. After meet, continued alone to Hawaii. Undecided as to
whether I should return to Columbia for graduate degree or go into
business with father.
- Went into business with father, but, at home, read Frazer's
The Golden Bough. Renewed interest in American Indians, Anthropology, etc.
Decision to return to Columbia, but with mixed interest: Anthropology
or Literature? Could read only English, therefore Anthropology was
impossible. Hence, English.
Return to Columbia, February
- Return to Track career, both with Columbia and with
- Main Field of Study: Medieval Literature. Became interested in
Arthurian Legends, completed thesis on the Dolorous Stroke.
Recognition of relationships to anthropological field. Secondary
fields of study: Evolution (renewal of biological studies), Primitive
Religion (renewal of American Indian studies), Chinese Philosophy
(commencement of Oriental studies). - Raymond Weaver had advised me
to study as many courses as possible outside of the Literature
Department, while in graduate school, and not to continue at Columbia
for a Ph.D. degree His reasons had to do, not with my own fields of
interest, but with what he judged to be the value of work the people
teaching at Columbia. Actually, I found the work with Lawrence and
Loomis fascinating; and Lawrence, in fact, became my next important
- Travel with family in England, Norway, and to
Proudfit Traveling Fellowship and sailed for two years of study in
- Travel with family in Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary.
University of Paris
- Studies in Romance Philology, Old French and Provencal
- Chief professors: Begdier, Jeanroy
- Discovery of Modern Art. Acquaintanceship with Antoine Bourdelle
- Discovery of James Joyce: Ulysses and Work in Progress
- Spring Holiday in Constantinople and Aegean
- Renewal of friendship with Krishnamurti, and of interest in
- Summer in British Isles
University of Munich
- Studies in Sanskrit (with Hans Oertel) Discovery
of writings of Freud and Jung Discovery of writings of Thomas Mann
Recognition of relationship of psychology to anthropology Chief
hobby: skiing in the Alps
- Return to New York with intention to try my hand at writing: 1929 crash; father's business in trouble
business in great trouble: I, at home, am trying to write short-stories Voluminous reading in modern American literature: discovery of Hemmingway, Lewis, Cather,
Wilder, et al. Had never even heard of them before. Terrific swing
away from whole Columbia experience. Complete disorientation.
Absolutely nothing that I wrote would sell.
- First summer in Woodstock, New York, where my sister, a student of
sculpture with Archipenko, was also trying to work things out. Day
after day of just reading, reading, and reading.
California - Alaska
- A vague drive alone across the country in a Model T Ford, trying to
think out or hit upon something. Chief alternatives: Writing,
Teaching, or Journalism; and, if teaching and scholarship, should it
be in literature or anthropology?
- Significant stops at 1. New Orleans (Tulane: Middle American
Research?), 2.Los Angeles (Writing?), 3. San Francisco (Journalism?)
- News of collapse of father's business. Savings
from my old jazz-band days running out. Settlement on Carmel
Peninsula in $15 a month cottage. No prospects. No ideas. Discovery
(in Carmel Library) of Spengler's Decline of the West. Sudden pulling
together of all my chief interests. New sense of complete dedication
to scholarship - but no job, and no jobs in sight. Wrote to 85
colleges and universities. All sent form replies: they were dropping,
not hiring profs.
- Meeting and friendship with John Steinbeck and Ed
Ricketts: Renewal of interest in biology. Trip with Ricketts in small
boat up coast of British Columbia to Alaska, collecting intertidal
fauna. Letter from my old Headmaster of Canterbury School, offering a
- Return to New York in the old Model T. $300 in debt, mostly to Ed
Ricketts, but with a view ahead.
Canterbury School, New Milford, Conn.
- Teaching third-form History, fifth-form English, make-up French, and
special course in German. Studying Spengler, Mann, Jung, Joyce.
Serving as housemaster, nursemaid, policeman, boon companion, etc. .
.and not liking it at all. Pay $900.
- At the end of the year, I resigned, and went back "on the
depression." By some miracle, one of my short stories, written two
years before, had been sold for $300, and on this I returned to
Woodstock, N.Y. to read and write.
- A couple with a new house and large dog, let me live in the house all
winter to care for the dog, while they resided in the city. Read
Joyce, Spengler, Frobenius, Mann, Freud, Jung, and minded the dog.
Started a novel that didn't work. In the Spring, a letter arrived,
inviting me to teach at Sarah Lawrence College, on the recommendation
of my old master, Professor W.W. Lawrence. Accepted.
1934 to present:
- Member of Literature Faculty, Sarah Lawrence College.
to Jean Erdman, Honolulu; at that time a member of Martha
Graham Dance Company
- Work commenced
on A Skeleton Key to Finnegans
Wake, on the suggestion of my old friend Henry Morton Robinson.
- Met Heinrich
Zimmer, who introduced and recommended me to the founders of the
- Laboring on
the manuscript of Swami Nikhilananda's translation of the Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna.
- Death of
Heinrich Zimmer. I accept invitation of Mrs. Zimmer to edit her
Where the Two Came to Their Father: A
Navaho War Ceremonial (with
Jeff King and Maud Oakes), The Bollingen Series I.
A Skeleton Key to Finnegans
Wake (with Henry Morton Robinson),
Harcourt, Brace and Co. Grimm's Fairy
Tales: "Folkloristic Commentary," Pantheon
Books Join editorial staff of The Dance
Observer: dance articles and reviews
Zimmer's Myths and Symbols in Indian Art
and Civilization, the Bollingen Series
Heinrich Zimmer's The King and the
Corpse, the Bollingen Series XI "Finnegan
the Wake," article in james joyce: two decades of criticism, ed. By
Seon Givens, Vanguard Press.
The Hero with a Thousand
Faces, The Bollingen Series XVII
Zimmer's Philosophies of
India, The Bollingen Series XXVI "Bios and
Mythos: Prolegomena to a Science of Mythology," article in Psychoanalysis and Culture. Essays in Honor of Geza Roheim, International University
The Viking Portable Arabian
Nights, The Viking Press
Presidency of Creative Film Foundation Sprit and Nature (ed. J.
Campbell), Papers from the Eranos
Yearbooks, Vol. I, Bollingen Series
- Resign from editorial staff of The Dance Observer
Heinrich Zimmer's The Art of Indian
Asia, 2 vols., the Bollingen Series XXXIX
- Sabbatical leave; voyage to India (six months), Ceylon, Thailand,
Burma, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Japan (seven months): Commence study of
(ed. J. Campbell), Papers from the Eranos Yearbooks, Vol. II,
Bollingen Series XXX
Symbol without Meaning," Paper read at Eranos Tagung, Ascona
Switzerland: Eranos-Jahrbuch XXVI, Rhein-Verlag (1958) Man and Time
(ed. J.C.), Papers from the Eranos Yearbooks, Vol III.
Philosophy and Occidental Psychoanalysis," paper read at IXth
International Congress for the History of Religions, Tokyo &
Kyoto; Maruzen, Tokyo (1960)
Myths and Rites of the Primitive Hunters and Planters," Paper read at Eranos Tagung, Ascona Switzerland: Eranos-Jahrbuch
- Rhein Verlag (1960) The Masks of God: Vol
I. Primitive Mythology, The Viking
Spiritual Discipline (ed. J.C.), Papers from the Eranos Yearbooks,
Vol. IV, Bollingen Series XXX "Primitive Man as Metaphysician,"
article in Culture in History: Essays in honor of Paul Radin,
Columbia University Press.
The Masks of God: Vol II. Oriental
Mythology, in preparation for 1965.
Also: General Editor of the series,Myth and
Man, Thames and Hudson 20 Carl Kerenyi, The Gods of the Greeks, 1951 Maya Deren,
Horsemen: The Living Gods of Haiti, 1953
Alan W. Watts, Myth and Ritual in
(Resigned from editorship, 1955)
Articles and book reviews in The Saturday
Review of Literature, The Dance Observer, The New York Times Book
Review, The New
York Herald Tribune Book Review, Chimera, Artibus Asiae, The Partisan Review, Prabuddha
Bharata (Mayavati, India), Las Armas y las Letras (Bogota,
from American Academy of Arts and Letters, for The Hero with a
Lecturer at Foreign Service Institute, Department of State,
- Biography in Who's Who in
- Member of New York Athletic Club, American Folklore Society, American
Oriental Society, American Society for the Study of Religion.
- And by no means least of all: Husband of Jean Erdman, whose play
based on Finnegans Wake, "The Coach with the Six Insides," ran from Nov. 26, 1962
to March 17, 1963, off-Broadway, and is now on a round-the-world tour
to the Spoleto Festival, Theatre des Nations (Paris), Dublin
Festival, various additional stops in Europe, a six-weeks run in
Tokyo, and finally, Honolulu, Los Angeles, and points on the way home
to New York.